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Things to Know

Jerusalem is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Jerusalem is a holy city for three of the world's main religions; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Jerusalem is located in the Judean Moutains between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. It is surrounded on all sides by valleys. The east, west, and southern sides have steep valleys, those on the north are less pronounced.

Map of Jerusalem


The National Botanical Gardens in Jerusalem
The University Botanical Garden of Jerusalem comprises more than six thousand plant species, which were brought to Israel from all over the world and are being preserved for the benefit and enjoyment of the public.

Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Unofficially known as the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo. The
zoological collection centers on two main themes: animals
mentioned in the Bible and endangered species from around
the world.

Jerusalem Holy Sites

The Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
The last remains of the Second Temple and most sacred Jewish site in the world.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Christian shrine situated on the Hill of Golgotha.

Dome of the Rock at the Temple Mount is the third holiest Muslim site.


Jerusalem is divided into three sections, the Old City, East Jerusalem, and New City (West Jerusalem).

Damascus Gate

The Old City covers roughly 220 acres (one square kilometer). with surrounding walls and a total of 11 gates, but only seven are open.

The walls seen today around the old City were built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman. Work began on the walls in 1537 and was completed in 1541. There were other walls
around Jerusalem. There was a wall built around the City of David. There was a Roman wall around the
City. The wall around the Temple Mount was built by Herod the Great around 19 BC. Throughout history different walls were built, showing the expansion of the city over time.


Old City Jerusalem - Jewish Quarter






The Old City is a maze of narrow streets four ethic groups make up most of the Old City; Jewish, Christian, Armenian, and Muslim. The Old City is divided into four vaguely defined quarters. The Muslim quarter is the largest of the four. Within the Old City are most of Jerusalem's holy sites.

Map -Old City of Jerusalem

East Jerusalem

East Jerusalem is considered the modern Arab section and is primarily residential. It extends eastward. It is close to the West Bank.

The New City, sometimes called West Jerusalem, is the principal Jewish section. Parts of the New City are more than a century old, the New City has been built up since the establishment of Israel in 1948. It has seen a lot of developement with government buildings, educational institutions, museums, and residental areas. It extends westward of the Old City.



Jerusalem's climate is dry and comparatively cool. Temperatures in the winter rainy season are generally in 50s F/11-14 C and in the long, hot summer reach the mid 80s F/high 20s C.


The Jerusalem Archaeological Park
History, map, timeline, virtual reconstruction, and more.

Tower of David
Museum of the History of Jerusalem
A Virtual Tour of the Tower of David – Museum of the History of Jerusalem


Jerusalem: Recipe: Almond and Honey Pie

Fun Facts

The Chagall Windows represent the 12 sons of the Patriarch Jacob.


Jerusalem Panoramic images


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