Jerusalem is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Jerusalem is a holy city for three of the world's main religions; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
in the Judean Moutains between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. It is surrounded on all sides by valleys. The east, west, and southern sides have steep valleys, those on the north are less pronounced.
The National Botanical Gardens in Jerusalem
The University Botanical Garden of Jerusalem comprises more than six
thousand plant species, which were brought to Israel from all over
the world and are being preserved for the benefit and enjoyment of
Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Unofficially known as the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo. The
zoological collection centers on two main themes: animals
mentioned in the Bible and endangered species from around
Jerusalem Holy Sites
The Western Wall
The last remains of the Second Temple and most sacred Jewish site in the world.
of the Rock
is the third holiest Muslim site.
Jerusalem is divided into three sections, the Old City, East Jerusalem, and New City (West Jerusalem).
The Old City covers roughly 220 acres (one square kilometer). with
surrounding walls and a total of 11 gates, but only seven are open.
The walls seen today around the old City were built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman. Work began on the walls in 1537 and was completed in 1541. There were other walls
around Jerusalem. There was a wall built around the City of David. There was a Roman wall around the
City. The wall around the Temple Mount was built by Herod the Great around 19 BC. Throughout history different walls were built, showing the expansion of the city over time.
Old City Jerusalem - Jewish Quarter
The Old City is a maze of narrow streets four ethic groups make up most of the Old City; Jewish, Christian, Armenian, and Muslim. The Old City is divided into four vaguely defined quarters. The Muslim quarter is the largest of the four. Within the Old City are most of Jerusalem's holy sites.
East Jerusalem is considered the modern Arab section and is primarily residential. It extends eastward. It is close to the West Bank.
The New City, sometimes called West Jerusalem, is the principal Jewish section. Parts of the New City are more than a century old, the New City has been built up since the establishment of Israel in 1948. It has seen a lot of developement with government buildings, educational institutions, museums, and residental areas.
It extends westward of the Old City.
Jerusalem's climate is dry and comparatively cool. Temperatures in
the winter rainy season are generally in 50s F/11-14 C and in the
long, hot summer reach the mid 80s F/high 20s C.