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Antarctica
The Frozen Continent
at the South Pole


Things to Know
The fifth largest continent. On

this continent no people live.

Groups of scientists come for periods of time to study this frigid land. Many countries operate science stations in Antarctica, but no nation owns the land.

Antarctica Map

Animals

Antarctica has lots of animals in the sea -- whales, fish, krill (small crustaceans like prawns), seals. The only land animals in Antarctica are penguins and seals (and people). Animals of Antarctica at National Geographic.

A to Z Kids Stuff Penguins

Antarctic Penguins

Antarctica Seals - Southern Elephant and Crabeaters

Explorers

Schackleton and The Nimrod Expedition: 1907-09

For 100 years James Weddell held the record for sailing the furthest south.

Captain Robert F. Scott
Follows in the footsteps of Captain Scott.

Captain James Cook- a British explorer and astronomer who went on many expeditions to the Pacific Ocean, Antarctic, Arctic, and around the world.

James Clark Ross entered the Navy at 11 years of age and he discovered the North Magnetic Pole.

Roald Amundsen - first to the South Pole

Richard E. Byrd lead eleven expeditions to the Antarctic.

"Operation Highjump" - U.S. Navy Antarctic Developments Project, 1946-1947.

"Operation Windmill" - U.S. Navy Second Antarctic Developments Project,1947-48.

Expedition Maps

Climate

The seasons in Antarctica are the opposite of the seasons in the Northern hemispheresummer is October through February. Winter is March through September. The sun sets in March and rises in October. For six months of the year, there are 24 hours of sunshine each day.

Antarctica is the coldest continent. Antarctica is technically the world's largest desert. It averages less than 4 mm of precipitation monthly, about the same as the Sahara Desert. The reason that there is so much snow in Antarctica is that the stuff never melts! 

Land

All About Glaciers!

Plants

Only about two percent of Antarctica is free of ice, severely limiting the places where plants may grow. The flora of Antarctica is made up of lichen species, moss (most found only on the Antarctic Peninsula), non-marine algae, and a larger number of fungi and bacteria. Plants of Antarctica

In the snow and surface ice snow algae may be found coloring the snow red, green, yellow or gray in summer.

Southern Ocean

The Earth's oceans although distinct are all connected to one another.

Until the year 2000, there were four recognized oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic. In the Spring of 2000, the International Hydrographic Organization delimited a new ocean, The Southern Ocean.

The Southern Ocean surrounds Antarctica and extends to 60 degrees latitude; and connects the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans and is the world's fourth largest ocean.



Online Antarctica Jigsaw Puzzles


Brown Bluff

Midnight sun
in Antarctica

Mt Herschel

SW Antarctic
Peninsula region

Things to Do

Antarctica Word Search

Antarctica Word Scramble

Antarctica Cryptogram

Games

Crittercam: Antarctic Adventure at National Geographic

Antarctica-The End of the Earth.-Flip over and unscramble the animal puzzle.

Color Pages

Emperor Penguin

Humpback Whales

Make

Make a Penguin Mask

Wallpapers & Screensavers

Australian Antarctic Division Wallpapers & Screensavers (mac & pc)

Fun Facts

Huskies were first used in the Antarctic by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1898-1900.

View

Virtual Antarctica
Explore different locations within Australia's Antarctica Territory, without leaving home!

Satellite View
View from 9100 km above the Earth.

Rarely Seen "Southern Lights" over Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station

Sites to See

Under Antarctic Ice
Explore the world that exists under the Antarctic ice with PBS.

NOVA: Mountain of Ice
Panoramic views of the landscape from the trek to Vinson Massif, follow the life cycle of a glacier, and more.

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