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31st State (September 9, 1850), the west coast U.S.

State Abbreviation: CA

Nickname: The Golden State

Origin of Name: Named by the Spanish after Califia, for the mythical earthly paradise in a book called Las Sergas de Esplanidian, written by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo in 1510.





California State Symbols:

Capital: Sacramento
Motto: Eureka (I Have Found It)
California State Seal
Animal: Grizzly Bear
Bird: California Quail
Color: Blue and Gold
Dance: West Coast Swing Dancing
Fish: Golden Trout
Flower: Golden Poppy
Folk Dance: Square Dance
Fossil: Sabre-tooth cat
Gemstone: Benitoite
Insect: California dog-face butterfly
Marine Fish: Garibaldi
Marine Mammal: Gray Whale
Reptile: Desert Tortoise
Rock: Serpentine
Song: I Love You, California
Tree: California Redwood

California State Symbols
Information Sheet
and Color Pages

Things to Know

Death Valley, in southern California, is the lowest point in the U.S. It's 282 feet below sea level. It is the lowest, hottest, driest location in North America.

The highest point in the continental United States (which don't include Alaska and Hawaii) is also in California: Mt. Whitney, which is 14,496 feet above sea level.

Major Rivers: Colorado River, Sacramento River, San Joaquin River,

Death Valley
A desert located in the southwestern United States. It is situated within the Mojave Desert and features the lowest, driest, and hottest locations in North America. Badwater, a basin located within Death Valley has thelowest elevation in North America at 282 ft (85.5 m ) below sea level.

Famous Californians:

Richard M. Nixon, 37th President of the U.S.
Printable fact sheet on President Richard M. Nixon provides you with photos and personal information.

Sally K. Ride, astronaut and first American woman in space

Ansel Adams (1902-1984), photographer

Things to Do

California State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.
Before printing under File in Page Setup set margins to zero.

Sites to See

California Shipwrecks
Online database of California shipwrecks. Articles and stories about more than a dozen California shipwrecks. Video and audio clips relating to California maritime history.

The Mojave Desert
Learn about the Mojave Desert in the southeastern region of California.

Gold Rush

Gold Rush
Visit this PBS site that gives some fun facts and history about the Gold Rush.

They Saw The Elephant
Learn what the phase "they saw the elephant" meant to the miners.

The California Gold Rush a short history.


The Science of Earthequakes-What is an earthquake?

Animations for Earthquake Terms and Concepts

Build Your Own Seismograph
Learn about and build your own seismograh.

The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake And Fire
Historical information about the 1906 San Francisco earthquake from the Museum of the City of San Francisco.

USGS Puzzles and Games-Earthquakes

Native Americans of California

The Kumeyaay(Diegueño) of San Diego County & Baja

Muwekma Indian
Original inhabitants of San Francisco and the surrounding Bay Area.

Miwok Indians
Yosemite Miwok Indians

Chumash Tribe
Lived around California's Central Coast

Chumash Rock Paintings

Things To Do-Other Sites

California State Quarter
Read about the California State Quarter and print out the color page.

America The Beautiful Quarters-Yosemite color page

California Indian Basket Coloring Page

Hiking Maze

California Gold Rush Word Puzzle

Grizzly Bear Dot-to-Dot

California State Flag

California Gold Rush color page-Chinese miners

A California Alphabet & Coloring Book
From the USDA Farm Service Agency (pdf file)

California Mountain Lions

San Diego Zoo-Mountain Lions

The Kids Times-Gray Whales (pdf)
Information about gray whales.

Gray Whale Color Page

Whale Coin Toss Game


Visit a Mine
Explore the Gold Rush.

Virtual Bay Tours

Stories to Read

Cricket and Cougar
Tribes of Alta and Baja California

Miwok Legends

The Origin Of Yosemite

The Legend of the Man-eating Giant

The Legend of How El Capitan Grew


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