Things to Know
Republic of Iceland
Land of Fire and Ice
The northernmost national capital in the world.
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North
Iceland is a volcanic island, sitting on a large volcanic hot spot s, with several active volcanoes.
Map of Iceland
Flag of Iceland
The colors in Iceland's flag represent elements that make up the island. Red is for the island's volcanic fires, white for snow and ice, and blue for the surrounding ocean.
Iceland is home to many different species of animals including
birds, fish, and mammals.
Fox is the only wild land mammal native to the island.
An unique animal in Iceland is the Icelandic
Sheep which was brought to the island in 874 C.E. by Viking settlers. Other unique animals in
Iceland are Icelandic cows and Icelandic horses,
that first arrived in Iceland with the first settlers. Icelandic
Sheepdog, learn about the history of this ancient breed of dog.
Many kinds of mammals and fish inhabit Iceland's waters: whales,
common seal, gray seal, salmon, trout, char, and eel.
There are also over 200 species
of birds found in Iceland.: seabirds, waterfowls, and waders are
the most common birds that are found in Iceland.
There are four seasons in Iceland. During the winter it can be rare to see sunlight, many days there is not much light. In the summer there can be days with 24 hours of sunlight.
Iceland may sound cold but it has a temperate climate. Warm waters
from the Gulf Stream make summers mild and winters cold but bearable.
The interior of Iceland is mostly mosses
and lichen that grow on rocks and lava fields. About one fourth of the island is covered with grows
that grows in the valleys and lowlands. Shrubs such as heather grow in parts of
Iceland. Timber is virtually absent, and much of the land is barren.
Some of this is a result of human habitation, which led to
deforestation and overgrazing.
Fire and Ice
A Europe Of Tales
Explore traditional tales from Iceland, Scotland, Finland, Italy, and Brittany.
Pookie and Tushka's Ice Toss Frency
Iceland Flag (crayola)
Geographic Gray Seals
Click on the picture to print and color
Geographic Pilot Whales
Einar from Iceland
A messy project
Need: plastic bottle, tub, a plate, clay or sand, funnel, baking soda, vinegar, glitter, food coloring.
Place a clean empty bottle (soda bottle) on a plate (pie, baking pan, paper plate).
For less mess place the bottle in a small plastic tub.
Make a volcano around the bottle with modeling clay. You can use dampened sand to form a volcano around the bottle. Leave the top of the bottle open and free of modeling clay or sand.
Place the funnel in the top of the bottle. Put about a 1/2 cup of water with 3 to 4 tablespoons of baking soda into the bottle.
You can add about a 1/2 a teaspoon of glitter and a few drops of red food coloring.
Pour about 1/2 a cup of vinegar into the funnel and quickly remove the funnel from the bottle.
When vinegar (an acid) reacts with baking soda (a base) the bubbles that are created are filled with carbon dioxide.
Jo's Icelandic Recipes
Of Nature Screensaver (PC)
Volcanic Chasm, Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland, 1997
Listen to Icelandic words and phrases.
Sites to See
Virtually Virtual Iceland
History, geography, people, vikings, settlers, photos, clickable map, and more.
Pictures of the Northern