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Iceland


Things to Know

Republic of Iceland
Lydhveldidh Island

Land of Fire and Ice

Capital: Reykjavik
The northernmost national capital in the world.

Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.

Iceland is a volcanic island, sitting on a large volcanic hot spot s, with several active volcanoes.

 Map of Iceland

Flag of Iceland

The colors in Iceland's flag represent elements that make up the island. Red is for the island's volcanic fires, white for snow and ice, and blue for the surrounding ocean.

Animals

Iceland is home to many different species of animals including
birds, fish, and mammals.

The Arctic Fox is the only wild land mammal native to the island.
An unique animal in Iceland is the Icelandic Sheep which was brought to the island in 874 C.E. by Viking settlers. Other unique animals in Iceland are Icelandic cows and Icelandic horses, that first arrived in Iceland with the first settlers. Icelandic Sheepdog, learn about the history of this ancient breed of dog.

Many kinds of mammals and fish inhabit Iceland's waters: whales, common seal, gray seal, salmon, trout, char, and eel.

There are also over 200 species of birds found in Iceland.: seabirds, waterfowls, and waders are the most common birds that are found in Iceland.

 

Climate

There are four seasons in Iceland. During the winter it can be rare to see sunlight, many days there is not much light. In the summer there can be days with 24 hours of sunlight.

Iceland may sound cold but it has a temperate climate. Warm waters from the Gulf Stream make summers mild and winters cold but bearable.

Plants

The interior of Iceland is mostly mosses and lichen that grow on rocks and lava fields. About one fourth of the island is covered with grows that grows in the valleys and lowlands. Shrubs such as heather grow in parts of Iceland. Timber is virtually absent, and much of the land is barren. Some of this is a result of human habitation, which led to deforestation and overgrazing.

Read

Iceland: Fire and Ice

Stories

A Europe Of Tales
Explore traditional tales from Iceland, Scotland, Finland, Italy, and Brittany.

Virtually Virtual Iceland
Icelandic Folktales

Download

Pookie and Tushka's Ice Toss Frency

Color Pages

Iceland Flag (crayola)

Iceland Flag

National Geographic Gray Seals
Click on the picture to print and color

National Geographic Pilot Whales

Einar from Iceland

Make

Volcano
A messy project
Need: plastic bottle, tub, a plate, clay or sand, funnel, baking soda, vinegar, glitter, food coloring.

Place a clean empty bottle (soda bottle) on a plate (pie, baking pan, paper plate).
For less mess place the bottle in a small plastic tub.
Make a volcano around the bottle with modeling clay. You can use dampened sand to form a volcano around the bottle. Leave the top of the bottle open and free of modeling clay or sand.

Place the funnel in the top of the bottle. Put about a 1/2 cup of water with 3 to 4 tablespoons of baking soda into the bottle.
You can add about a 1/2 a teaspoon of glitter and a few drops of red food coloring.

Pour about 1/2 a cup of vinegar into the funnel and quickly remove the funnel from the bottle.
Erupting Volcano!

When vinegar (an acid) reacts with baking soda (a base) the bubbles that are created are filled with carbon dioxide.

Recipes

Jo's Icelandic Recipes

Wallpapers & Screensavers

Iceland Spectacle Of Nature Screensaver (PC)

Volcanic Chasm, Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland, 1997

Fun

Listen to Icelandic words and phrases.

Sites to See

Virtually Virtual Iceland
History, geography, people, vikings, settlers, photos, clickable map, and more.

Pictures of the Northern Lights.

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