In 1679, Frenchmen led by
, Sieur de La Salle,
became the first Europeans to set foot in Indiana as they explored
the Mississippi valley. At the end of the French and Indian War in
1763, Britain took French-controlled American territory including Indiana.
led American forces against the British in the area
during the Revolutionary War. After the war, Indiana became a U.S.
possession as part of what was known as the Northwest Territory.
Prior to becoming a state, Indiana was the scene of frequent Indian
uprisings until the victories of Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers
in 1794 and Gen. William Henry Harrison at Tippecanoe in 1811. In
1816, Indiana was admitted to the Union as the nineteenth state.
Indiana was the first state to provide a state-supported school system.
In 1803, Lewis and Clark set out on their expedition west from the
southern Indiana town of Clarksville, IN.
Indiana's 41-mile Lake Michigan waterfront is one of the world's
great industrial centers. Producing iron, steel, oil products,
automobile parts, mobile homes and recreational vehicles, truck and
bus bodies, aircraft engines, farm machinery, wood office furniture
In agriculture Indiana
is the leader with corn production. Hogs,
soybeans, wheat, oats, rye, tomatoes, onions, and poultry also
contribute to Indiana's agricultural output. Indiana is the top
producing state, 90% of the world’s popcorn is grown in Indiana.
One of the largest caves in the U.S. is
located in Crawford County in southern Indiana.