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2nd State (December 12, 1787), the northeast U.S.

State Abbreviation: PA

Nickname: Keystone State (During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies. There are six states above it and six states below it.)

Origin of Name: It means Penn's Woodland. Named in honor of Admiral Sir. William Penn, father of William Penn .




Pennsylvania State:

Pennsylvania State Emblems
Motto: Virtue, Liberty, Independence
Pennsylvania State Seal
Animal: The Whitetail Deer
Beautification and Conservation Plant: Penngift Crownvetch
Beverage: Milk
Dog: Great Dane
Electric Locomotive: GG1 4859
Fish: Brook Trout
Flagship of Pennsylvania: US Brig Niagara
Flower: Mountain Laurel
Fossil: Phacops rana
Game Bird: Ruffed Grouse
Insect: Firefly
Steam Locomotive: K4s 1361 and K4s 3750
Song: Pennsylvania
Tree: Hemlock

Pennsylvania Map Flag

Pennsylvania State Symbols
Information Sheet
and Color Pages (pdf)

Pennsylvania Map USA

Things to Know

Four major Indian groups occupied Pennsylvania at the time of European arrival: the Delaware , the Susquehanna, the Shawnee, and various segments of the Iroquois Confederacy. Swedes (1643), Dutch (1647), and others were the first European settlers. The English seized control of the region in 1664, and in 1681 King Charles II of England signed a charter giving the region to William Penn . Under Penn's guidance a Quaker colony was established in 1682, based on government by popular will and religious tolerance.

Philadelphia was the seat of the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800; there the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution drawn up in 1787.

Common Trees of Pennsylvania
This site offers information on every type of tree found in Pennsylvania.

Crayola Crayons are made in Easton, PA.
Hershey, PA home to the Hershey Company.
Manufacturer of the # 1 selling candy in the USA, Reese's Peanut Butter Cups. Makers of Hershey Kisses and many other candies.

Major Rivers: Allegheny River, Susquehanna River, Delaware River, Ohio River.

Famous Pennsylvanians

Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888), novelist. She wrote Little Women.

Betsy Ross (1752-1836). She was reported to have made the first American Flag.

Joseph Priestley (1733-1804). He was called the "Father of Modern Chemistry."

James Buchanan (1791-1868), the 15th president of the United States.
Printable fact sheet on President James Buchanan provides you with photos and personal information.

Things to Do

Pennsylvania State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.
Before printing under File in Page Setup set margins to zero.

Sites to See

The Pennsylvania Canal
Learn about Pennsylvania's Canal Era, 1792-1931.

Liberty Bell
Learn the history of The Liberty Bell.

The Electric Franklin
A detailed guide to Benjamin Franklin and his life.

The Underground Railroad
The history of the Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania.

Gettysburg National Military Park
Information where the famous Civil War battle took place.

Punxsutawney Groundhog Club
The famous weather-forecasting groundhog.


Amish Photo Gallery
View photographs of the Amish people.

The Amish , the Mennonites, the Brethren, and the other "Plain People" of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country.

Things To Do-Other Sites

Pennsylvania State Quarter
Read about the Pennsylvania State Quarter and print
out the color page.

Pennsylvania State Flag color page

Pennsylvania (pdf)
Activities: word search, A-Mazing Law, and more.

Hello Pennsylvania (pdf)
A quick tour of the commonwealth.

Capitol Complex Wallpaper


The State Symbol Challenge
Take the quiz on the State Symbols of Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Quiz
Test your knowledge about pennsylvania. The quiz is interactive and it provides a picture description of the right answers.


The Little Women Text
Electronic version of Little Women
Chapter Summaries


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