range from jaguars, llamas, to the Inca Hairless dog.
desert animals along the coast, a variety of fish in the ocean, in the sierra (mountains) are found the llama, alpaca, and a variety of animals.
The climate of Peru varies widely, ranging from tropical to arctic in the highest mountains of the Andes.
(1478-1541) was a Spanish conquistador who traveled through much of the Pacific coast of America along Peru.
Peru has three geographic areas that run roughly parallel to each other: the Coastal Desert, the Mountains (
) and the
. The dry coast rises quickly to the Andes mountain range and then drops to the rain forest containing the headwaters of the Amazon River.
The coastal region of Peru is its most densely settled area. Some parts are fertile but most of
consists of dry and sometimes extremely
arid desert regions
The Andes range
, together with its foothills, forms the part of Peru that is called La Sierra. Some of the worlds highest mountains can be found here, such as the
. In the southern mountains of Peru lies the mysterious lost Inca city Machu Picchu.
rain forest region
is in the eastern part of Peru. The Amazon river finds its roots in Peru, at the point of two big rivers, the
and the Ucayali.
is the highest lake in the Americas. The
is twice as deep, making it the deepest canyon on earth.