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Spain



Things to Know

Capital: Madrid

Spain is located in Southwestern Europe.

Spain and Portugal share the Iberian Peninsula, a vaguely square-shaped realm at the far southwestern edge of Europe.

 Map of Spain

Currency: Euro
Language: Spanish
Religion: 90% Catholic

Explorers

Juan Ponce de Leon
First European to explore Florida.

Spanish Explorers
Coronado, Pizarro, Balboa, Cortez, Magellan, and more.

Animals

The Iberian lynx, the most endangered and the only large
carnivore in Europe.

Climate

Hot summers and cold winters in the interior. Partly cloudy and cool along coast.

Land

There are five big mountain ranges crossing Spain.
In southernmost part of Spain is the Mountain Range
Sierra Morena.

Mediterranean Spain, fertile and luminous.
Southern Spain -Andalucia, hot and dry.

Plants

Esparto grass is a coarse grass, native to Southern Spain, which is used for making paper. Esparto grass image.

The dry Spain has a combination of wood-land and scrub that can thrive with very little moisture. A typical forest of holm oaks and cork trees survives in Andalusia. In the Southwest parts of Andalusia several exotic species of plants are frequently found, such as the dwarf fan palm, the Indian prickly-pear and aloa plants.

In the Mediterranean area holm oak-cork forests are interspersed with a coniferous mass dominated by the Aleppo pine. In the higher altitudes, is conifers more suitable to mountainous regions, such as the larch and the Scotch pine. A type of desert with very scant vegetation extends to the shores of the Mediterranean in the southeastern parts of Andalusia.

Artist

Spain has an extraordinary artistic heritage. Toledo-based artists El Greco and Diego Velázquez. Francisco Goya in the 18th century was Spain's most prolific painter and he produced some wonderfully unflattering portraits of royalty.

The art world in the early 20th century was influenced by a remarkable group of Spanish artists: Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Joan Miró, and Salvador Dalí.

Art Lesson

Picasso Faces

Picasso Face with material

If you have access to a variety of materials a fun face for children to make is with material. Choice one material for the face. Choice different materials for the facial features. Add ear-rings with a different material. Fun and easy for all ages.

Games

A. Pintura: Art Detective
Play this game and learn about Picasso and many other artists.

Read

Flamenco is the musical tradition in the country's south, in particular in Andalusia.

Condensed and short history of Spain.

National Geographic: Spain
History and more.

English Borrows from Spanish
Words in the English language that came from Spanish words.

Fun Facts

The guitar was invented in Andalucía in the 1790's when a sixth string was added to the Arab lute. It gained its modern shape in the 1870s.

Holidays

Part of the Fiesta of San Fermin is the Encierro or Running of the Bulls. In Pamplona, Spain, the second week of July is dedicated to the Running of the Bulls. The event is world famous. The tradition was immortalized in Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Ries in 1926, after which time many people from all over the world began attending the festival and running with the bulls.

 

Color Pages

Spain Artists Color Pages--El Greco, Velazquez, Goya...

Spanish Artists Color Pages--Picasso, Miro, Goya, Dalí

Spanish Dancer

Spain Flag color page

Recipes

Tapas

Puzzles

Spain Flag Puzzle

Wallpapers

Spain Skyline, Toledo, Spain, 1981

View

Spain - Architecture

 

 

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