Argentina -- School-age
Things to Know
Argentina is a federal republic.
Capitol City - Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the most European city in Latin America, full of ornate French style buildings fronted along tree lined boulevards with fountains, parks and sidewalk cafes.
Currency of Argentina-Peso
Official Religon: 90% of the population is Roman Catholic. The population is principally of European descent, especially of Italian and Spanish origin.
A fascinating triangular shaped countrylocated along South America's east coast.
The eighth largest country in the world.
Argentina is South America’s second largest nation.
The puma is the second largest cat in the Americas
The Margay, also known as the Long Tailed Spotted Cat.
The Pampas Cat or Grass Cat
Creature Feature: Guanacos (llamas)Related to camels
The Andean Condor
Magellanic Penguins in Patagonia are the largest of the warm-weather penguins. These penguins were named after Ferdinand Magellan who first saw them in 1519 on his first voyage around the tip of South America. They live on the coast of Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands.
Argentina's climate ranges from hot and humid in the north through humid and steamy in the center to cold in the south. The seasons are reversed from the Northern Hemisphere.
Argentina may be divided into six geographical regions: the Paraná Plateau, the Gran Chaco, the Pampa (see under pampas), the Monte, Patagonia, and the Andes Mts.
In Northern Argentina the Gran Chaco is a predominantly flat alluvial plain with a subtropical climate. The region is seasonally flooded, and marshlands remain for long periods during the year because of poor drainage.
South of the Gran Chaco is the Pampa, a vast natural grassland The Pampa's deep, rich soil is the basic wealth of the country. The “Wet Pampa,” the more humid eastern part of the region, is Argentina's principal agricultural area and produces most of the nation's exports. It is the granary of South America, with wheat, alfalfa, corn, and flax the principal crops. Cattle ranching is prevalent throughout the Pampa and especially in the southeast and north; sheep are also raised there. Most of the principal cities of Argentina and most of its industry are found in the Pampa region.
The Monte, an arid region in the rain shadow of the Andes, has natural vegetation varying from short grasses in the east to cacti in the west.
The Andes Mountains are one of the longest and one of the highest mountain ranges in the world it stretches along the entire west coast of South America from Cape Horn to Panama and Venezuela- 7,250 kilometers (4,200 miles). Most of the highest mountains in the Andes are volcanoes, some still active, many dormant or extinct.
Southernmost Argentina (and Chile) are known as Patagonia, a largely uninhabited wilderness with dense rainforest and rugged peaks.
Tierra del Fuego is an archipelago (or a group of islands) shared with Chile, at the southern tip of South America. Its capital, Ushuaia, is the world's southernmost city.
José de San Martin was a South American military hero who fought to win the independence of Argentina, Chile and Peru.