India -- School-age
The India subcontinent is a peninsula that juts southward from Asia into the Indian Ocean. The Indian subcontinent: a large area of land that is part of a continent; a major subdivision of a continent.
The state emblem is an adaptation from Ashoka's Sarnath Lion Capital.
National Bird - Peacock
National Animal - Tiger
National Flower - Lotus
National Fruit - Mango
National Tree - Indian fig tree (Indian Banyan)
Many zoologists estimate that there are some 76,000 species of animals in India. The best-known of India's animals are the Indian elephant and the tiger.
Two of Indias most impressive animals, the Bengal/Indian Tiger and the Asiatic Elephant are found in most regions of India.
Domesticated elephants are often used instead of bulldozers or tractors to build buildings and clear jungle or forest.
The Indian elephant is a sub-species of the Asian elephant.
Elephant Species Differences
In India, monkeys are treated as very special animals, sometimes they are even considered holy.
The commonest species of monkeys found in India are the
India has a lot of huge earthquakes, floods, and droughts.
Most of India has three seasons: cool, hot, and rainy. From March to the end of June is the hot season. During the hot season parts of the southern plateau remain cool and the northern mountains are cool or cold, depending on the altitude. Cyclones often bring storms to the coastal plains at this time.
From June to September is the rainy season when
Because of its size, India is home to a wide range of different environments, from high, snow-capped mountains to tropical rainforests and from hot and cold deserts and scrubland to lush, fertile plains and valleys.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain is most of the northern and eastern section of India. In this plain are many rivers, such as the Ganges River and the Indus River valley.There are large urban areas and fertile plain.
The Himalayas the highest mountains in the world. It includes the highest mountain, Mount Everest.
The Peninsula (South India) is bordered by the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.
The Himalayas - Mount Everest
The Himalayas are the highest mountains on earth, towering more than 8000 meters. The tallest peaks of the Himalayas are always covered with snow. The word Himalaya means "the home or abode of snow." No plant life grows near the mountain's peak due to powerful winds, extremely cold temperatures, and a lack of oxygen.
The Himalayas include Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world which is on the border between Nepal and China.
National Fruit of India-
Almost every plant family in the world is represented in India.
In southern India, grow various kinds of palm. Tropical plants grow in western India. Commercial crops of the region include bananas, betel nuts, cardamon, citrus fruit, coconuts, coffee and tea, ginger, pepper, and rubber. Ironwood, rosewood, and teak are plentiful in the broadleaf forests of the region.
One of India's most rare and treasured aromatic trees is the
In northern India, grow a wide variety of broadleaf trees, such as alder, birch, laurel, and maple, and conifers. The area is also known for its rhododendrons, bamboo, and dwarf willow. Juniper, silver birch, and silver fir are abundant in the uppermost, alpine environment of the western Himalaya. Further down the mountain slopes grow forests of spruce, silver fir, and deodar (East Indian cedar).
Sal forests dominate the lowest regions and the Ganges region, providing a wood much used in the furniture industry. Tall grasses and forests of bamboo grow in the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys of Assam. Assam is also one of the original homes of the mango, a commercially important fruit of south and east Asia. In the valleys of the Himalaya, farmers grow apple, apricot, peach, pear, and walnut trees.
One of the main
Hindi and English are the co-official national languages of India. In addition, the Indian government recognizes 18 languages as official; Hindi is the most widely spoken.
Legend on the beginning of the Ganges River.
Religion plays a vital role in the Indian way of life. Religious laws of the Hindus and Muslims govern the people's clothing, food, and marriage. They also strongly influence the type of occupation among persons who strictly follow the laws.
India is a secular country (there is no official religion) and is home to peoples of many different faiths: Hinduism , Islam, Christianity, Buddhism , Jainism , Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and other innumerable religious traditions. Hinduism is practised by over 80% of the population.