Jerusalem -- School-age


Jerusalem coat of arms

Things to Know

Jerusalem, Israel

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel

December 6, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

On May 14, 1948, U.S. President Harry Truman recognized the newly-declared State of Israel.

Jerusalem is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Jerusalem is a holy city for three of the world's main religions; Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Jerusalem Map

Jerusalem is located in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. It is surrounded on all sides by valleys. The east, west, and southern sides have steep valleys, those on the north are less pronounced. On the east side is the Judean desert which descends to the Dead Sea.


Jerusalem's temperatures in the winter cold rainy season are generally in 50s F/11-14 C with snow often making an appearance. In the long, hot summer temperatures reach the mid 80s F/high 20s C. Jerusalem enjoys relatively low levels of humidity, making it easier to tolerate the heat.

Old City Jerusalem

Plants And Animals

The National Botanical Gardens in Jerusalem
The University Botanical Garden of Jerusalem comprises more than six thousand plant species, which were brought to Israel from all over the world and are being preserved for the benefit and enjoyment of the public.

Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Unofficially known as the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo. The zoological collection centers on two main themes: animals mentioned in the Bible and endangered species from around the world.

Jerusalem Holy Sites

The Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
On the western side of the Temple Mount is the last remains of the Second Temple and the most sacred Jewish site in the world.

Western Wall
Western Wall

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Christian shrine situated what is believe to be the Hill of Golgotha.

Western Wall
Church of the
Holy Sepulchre

Dome of the Rock at the Temple Mount

Western Wall
Temple Mount


Jerusalem is divided into three sections, the Old City, East Jerusalem, and New City (West Jerusalem).

Damascus Gate
Damascus Gate

The Old City

The Old City covers roughly 220 acres (one square kilometer). with surrounding walls and a total of 11 gates, but only seven are open.

The walls seen today around the old City were built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman. Work began on the walls in 1537 and was completed in 1541.

There were other walls around Jerusalem. There was a wall built around the City of David. There was a Roman wall around the city. The wall around the Temple Mountt was built by Herod the Great around 19 BC. Throughout history different walls were built, showing the expansion of the city over time.

Jerusalem Old City Quarters

The Old City is a maze of narrow streets four ethic groups make up most of the Old City; Jewish, Christian, Armenian, and Muslim. The Old City is divided into four vaguely defined quarters. The Muslim quarter is the largest of the four. Within the Old City are most of Jerusalem's holy sites.

Old City Jerusalem - Jewish Quarter
Old City Jerusalem
Jewish Quarter

East Jerusalem

East Jerusalem is considered the modern Arab section and is primarily residential. It extends eastward. It is close to the West Bank.

East Jerusalem
East Jerusalem

New City

The New City, sometimes called West Jerusalem, is the principal Jewish section. Parts of the New City are more than a century old, the New City has been built up since the establishment of Israel in 1948. It has seen a lot of development with government buildings, educational institutions, museums, and residential areas. It extends westward of the Old City.


Things to Do

Fun Facts

The Chagall Windows represent the 12 sons of the Patriarch Jacob.

Marc Chagall Paintings

Peace Windows: in the style of Marc Chagall
Peace Windows: in the style of Marc Chagall

The Green Violinist by Marc Chagall color page

Dreaming With Chagall
Dreaming With Marc Chagall

Remembering Jerusalem: A Tissue Paper CollageRemembering Jerusalem: A Tissue Paper Collage
Cut tissue paper in shapes - rectangles, semi-circles and leaves, then glue using a paintbrush with a mixture of water and glue<50/50) creating a picture recalling the ancient city of Jerusalem.

Sites to See


The Jerusalem Archaeological Park
History, map, timeline, virtual reconstruction, and more.

Tower of David
Museum of the History of Jerusalem

A Virtual Tour of the Tower of David – Museum of the History of Jerusalem

Israeli Salad

Israeli Salad has no lettuce, it is a chopped salad of tomatoes of cucumbers (or dill pickles) then add what other food items you like; bell peppers, onions, pomegranate seeds, olives...

Israeli Salad
Israeli Salad

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