Saudi Arabia -- School-age

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Flag

Things to Know

Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya

The government is based on the sacred law of Islam.
The chief government and religious official of Saudi Arabia is the King.
The current king is King Salman.

Saudi Arabia Map

Capital: Riyadh

Saudi Arabia occupy's most of the Arabian Peninsula.

National Language: Arabic
Religions: 99% Islam mainly Sunni, 1% Other

Saudi Arabia's Flag
Currency: Saudi Riyal

Saudi Arabia globe


The Arabian Desert dominates much of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia has more animal life than one might expect in a desert region with limited plant life and lack of rivers. Most of the animals live in the north or along the southern coastline. Arabian horses, Sand cats, striped hyenas, red foxes, Arabian wolves, Arabian oryxes, cape hares, gazelle, and camels live in the Arabian desert in arid and semi-desert areas. The most important domestic Arabian animal is the dromedary camel, whose body is uniquely built for harsh desert conditions.

The Dromedary camel has one hump.

Arabian Camel - National Geographic

Facts about Dromedary Camels


Saudi Arabia is a desert country with no above ground rivers or lakes and very little rainfall. They have permanent bodies of water underground. Ninety-five percent of the land in Saudi Arabia is desert.

Extreme heat and excessively dry are characteristic of most of Saudi Arabia climate.

shamal, sand-laden winds from the northern deserts, is most frequent in early summer and can blow for days at 25-50 miles an hour.

Across the north-west of the country stretches the Nafud desert. The center and north of Saudi Arabia is mostly gravel plains.

Eastern Saudi Arabia is flat and low-lying, an area of salt flats. Its main geographical feature is the gigantic Al-Hasa (Al-Ahsa) oasis. Which is the largest oasis in Saudi Arabia. It is 30,000 acres (12,000 hectares) with over 3 million palm trees. Many varieties of dates are grown on the more than three million trees in the oasis.

Date Palm
Dates on a
date palm tree.


Asir is the relatively fertile area of coastal mountains in the extreme southwest of Saudi Arabia.

Exploring Desert Caves
Caves beneath the desert, pictures and reports on the exploration of caves in Saudi Arabia.

In the south is the Rub Al-Khali (Empty Quarter), the largest sand desert in the world. The desert comprises more than 25% of Saudi Arabia. It is extremely dry and virtually uninhabited. Oil of excellent quality has been found there.


Bedouin is an Arabic word that means "desert dweller." Bedouins are nomads of the desert who inhabit the Middle East and North Africa. They traditional herd animals such as camels and goats.

Mecca and Medina

Mecca and Medina are Islam's holiest cities. The most holy city of Islam is Mecca, Saudi Arabia the birthplace of Muhammad. Muhammad is the founder of the Islam religon and is known to Muslims as the "Holy Prophet".

Mecca: Behind Geographic TV's Rare Look Inside

Recommended Books

How Many Donkeys?: An Arabic Counting Tale
by Margaret Read MacDonald

A humorous tale of a man who keeps miscounting his donkeys as he travels with ten of them to the market and back. Wonderful artwork that fills up the whole page. Numbers 1 - 10 in Arabic.

Saluki: Hound of the Bedouin
by Julia Johnson

A Saluki is a greyhound-like dog which was historically bred in the Middle East. A delightful story that tells of the devotion and the adventures of a Bedouin boy and his Saluki hound.

Things to Do


Listen to and read online the story How The Camel Got His Hump (Just So Stories by Rudyard Kipling)

Arabian Camel or Dromedary Print Out


Camel wallpaper for your computer.


Baking bread is a popular craft in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Crayola-Dates From Tree to Table
Triarama display to show understanding of the role that date palms play in the observance of Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr.

Make a palm tree from newspaper. Easy and fun.

Fun Facts


Soccer is a popular sport in Saudi Arabia.

Falconry is a traditional sport which originated centuries ago. Learn more about falcons.


The Arab calendar is a lunar calendar. The cycle of the moon's phases takes a little over 29 1/2 days and therefore in an Arab calendar a lunar year contains 354 days and some hours.

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