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Canada



Things to Know

Capital: Ottawa, Ontario
Second-largest country in world (after Russia).
Northernmost nation on Earth.
Major Languages: English and French (both official)
Regions: 10 provinces and 3 territories
National Anthem O Canada
Canada's national animal is the beaver

 

 

 

Things to Know

Canada's earliest inhabitants arrived via the Alaska-Bering straits route 15,000 years ago. The first Europeans were the Vikings (Leif Ericsson and his crew) who established a short-lived colony L'Anse Aux Meadows in New Foundland. In 1608 a French trading post was established at Quebec by Samuel de Champlain. This was the foundations of what was to become New France. In 1663 New France was organized as a French colony.

The French lost Canada to the British in the French and Indian war which lasted from 1756-63. Canada and the continent east of the Mississippi River ceded to Great Britain's growing empire. In 1867, the Dominion of Canada a self-governing body within the British Empire was established. Under the British North America Act of 1867, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia became the first four provinces of the new Dominion of Canada. Sir J.A. Macdonald became Canada's first Prime Minister.

Animals/Insects

Arctic Hare
Learn about this a small, fur-covered mammal.
Includes an activities and games section.

Wolfs-International Wolf Center
Learn about the wolf.

Butterflies North and South
Virtual Museum butterfly knowledge and games.

Provinces and Territories

British Columbia (B.C)

Capital City: Victoria

British Columbia is Canada's westernmost province and one of North America's most mountainous regions. It is a gateway to the Pacific and Asia.

Spain and Russia were the first countries to claim ownership of certain parts of British Columbia. In the 18th century, the Spanish claimed the west coast from Mexico to Vancouver Island and the Russians were made a claim for control of the Pacific coast from Alaska to San Francisco.

In 1778, Captain James Cook of Great Britain became the first person to chart the region. The first permanent colony, in present-day Victoria, was Fort Victoria completed by the British in 1843.

When gold was discovered in the lower Fraser Valley in 1857, to help maintain law and order, the British government established the colony of British Columbia the following year. British Columbia became a province of Canada in 1871.

The Amazing British Columbia Archives Time Machine

The Amazing BC Archives Time Machine features 11 educational galleries covering B.C. History topics drawn from the Province's K-12 social studies curriculum. The galleries have been designed for use by school children, their teachers and parents; however the content will also appeal to anyone interested in British Columbia's history. The Time Machine was developed under Industry Canada's SchoolNet initiative.

The Gold Rush of 1858 brought the first large influx of non-Natives to mainland British Columbia.

Official Symbols of British Columbia

Crayola® Canadian Province - British Columbia color page

British Columbia worksheets and color pages

Northwest Territories

Capital City: Yellowknife

Martin Frobisher of England made the first of three attempts to find a Northwest Passage over the top of North America. In 1610, Henry Hudson landed briefly on the western shore of the bay that today bears his name. Rupert's Land Act of 1868, the lands of the Hudson's Bay Company were purchased and admitted the into the Dominion of Canada. A decade later, the Arctic islands claimed by Britain were acquired by Canada.

Northwest Territories can be divided into two broad geographical regions the taiga, a boreal forest belt that circles the subarctic zone; and the tundra, a rocky Arctic region where the cold climate has stunted vegetation.

Northwest Territories Kids Activities
Coat of Arms color page, crosswords, and design your own Coat of Arms.

Northwest Territories worksheets and color pages

Crayola® Canadian Province - Northwest Territory color page

Northwest Territory official symbols

Ontario

Capital City: Toronto

The name "Ontario" comes from the Iroquois word "Kanadario" meaning "sparkling water." Ontario bordered on the south by the Great Lakes and on the north by Hudson Bay, one sixth of its terrain, is covered by rivers and lakes.

Ontario Parks
Explore a land of forests and lakes.

Ontario's Official Symbols

Ontario's Kids Zone
Tour Ontario, play games, and more.

Crayola® Canadian Province - Ontario color page

Ontario worksheets and color pages

Quebec

Quebec is the largest of Canada's provinces.
Origin of Name: Derives from the Algonkin word for 'where the river narrows'.

Quebec was originally inhabited by members of the Algonquin and Iroquois tribes. The northern part of the province is today still inhabited by the Inuit. The European history of Quebec began with the arrival of French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534.

Quebec City was founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain (founder of New France). Quebec is the oldest French city on the American continent and the only fortified one in North America.

Montreal is Canada's second largest city and the largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris.

Quebec's official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Quebec color page

Quebec worksheets and color pages

Territory of Nunavut

Nunavut's lands are made up of the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories

Symbols of Nunavut

Crayola® Canadian Province- Nunavut color page

Territory of Nunavut worksheets and color pages

Yukon Territory

The Yukon has a subarctic climate.

Yukon official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Yukon color page

Yukon Territory worksheets and color pages

4 Atlantic Provinces (smallest provinces in Canada)

New Brunswick

New Brunswick borders on Nova Scotia, Quebec and the U.S. state of Maine. 85 percent of New Brunswick's land mass is forest.

New Brunswick official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - New Brunswick color page

New Brunswick worksheets and color pages

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia's 580-km-long peninsula is surrounded by four bodies of water - the Atlantic Ocean, the Bay of Fundy, the Northumberland Strait and the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

The Playground
Novia Scotia's Kids site. Learn the symbols and history of Nova Scotia.

Crayola® Canadian Province - Nova Scotia color page

Nova Scotia worksheets and color pages

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is Canada's smallest province.

Virtual Tour of Southern Kings County, Prince Edward Island

The Island for Kids
Follow Prince and Eddy on their adventures in and around
Prince Edward Island. Print a picture to color and more.

Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Anne of Green Gables by L. M. Montgomery (read online)

Prince Edward Island official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Prince Edward Island color page

Prince Edward Island worksheets and color pages

Newfoundland

Newfoundland is Canada's most easterly province.

Newfoundland symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Newfoundland and Labrador color page

Newfoundland worksheets and color pages

3 Prairie Provinces (most of the land is flat)

Alberta

Alberta is the westernmost of Canada's three Prairie provinces.

Alberta symbols

Alberta Legislature's Activity and Colouring Book to print.

Crayola® Canadian Province - Alberta color page

Alberta worksheets and color pages

Manitoba

Manitoba is one of the three Prairie provinces and is located in the center of Canada.

Polar Bear Invasion
PBS-learn about the annual gathering of bears at the mouth of the Churchill River in Churchill, Manitoba.

Manitoba official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Manitoba color page

Manitoba worksheets and color pages

Manitoba Great Gray Owl color page

Saskatchewan

Half of Saskatchewan consists of forests, one-third of cultivated lands, and one-eighth is covered with water.

Saskatchewan Stories
Travel through the Time Machine and learn fascinating history.

Saskatchewan official symbols

Crayola® Canadian Province - Saskatchewan color page

Saskatchewan worksheets and color pages


Canada Day Color Pages


Maple Syrup

Canada, produces most of the world's supply of maple syrup.

Sipopderable-Maple Syrup
Learn about the industry, the website contains recipes also.

How to Make Maple Syrup
A history ofmaple syrup and how it is made, includes a video.

Maple Syrup Printables
Wordsearch, vocabulary, and more.

Lesson Plans

Where Canada Began (Grade 3)
Pdf lesson using aspects of artworks from the Charlottetown Confederation Centre Art Gallery
.

Hockey

Hockey is Canada's game

Backcheck-Hockey for kids

Hockey Coloring Pages

Artist

Emily Carr (1871-1945)
Canadian artist, regraded as a major artist for her paintings of the Native Americans and the landscape of the western coast.

Emily Carr picture of one of her tree paintings and a color page of the painting.

Things to Do-Other Sites

DLTK a large selection of Canadian crafts and printables.

Emily Carr's Trees (grade K-5)

 

 

 

Handprint Canada Day Flags

How to Make a Hudson Bay Blanket Capote (Indian Blanket Coat)

National Ballet of Canada
wordsearch & maze

Sites to See

Camp to Community
Discover how loggers lived 100 years ago.

Women in Canadian History
A guide to women in Canadian history.

Great Canadian Scientists
Meet some Great Canadian Scientists and learn about their sciences.

TVOntario Coloring Book
Printable coloring pages featuring characters from popular kids TV shows.

Adventures to Experience

Over the Top - An Interactive Adventure
An interactive adventure game that allows you to experience life in the trenches during the First World War.

CBC.ca.kids
Visit the CBC site and play games. Preschoolers and School-age games.

TVOKids offers online fun creative learning activities for children from 2-12 years of age.

View

Banff, Alberta National Park of Canada

Ukaliq -The Arctic Hare
Visit the Canadian Museum of Nature and discover the world of the Arctic Hare.

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