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48th State (February 14, 1912), southwest U.S.

State Abbreviation: AZ

Nickname: Grand Canyon State

Origin of Name: Arizona comes from two Papago Indian words meaning "little spring" or "young spring"

Arizona State Symbols:

Capital: Phoenix
Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Arizona State Seal
Amphibian: Arizona Treefrog
Bird: Cactus Wren
Fish: Apache Trout
Flower: Blossom of the Saguaro cactus
Fossil: Petrified Wood
Gemstone: Turquoise
Mammal: Ringtail
Official Neckwear: Bola Tie
Reptile: Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
Song: Arizona March Song and Arizona
Tree: Palo Verde

Things to Know

United States Senators from Arizona.

Arizona is home to many Indian cultures such as the Apache and the Navajo. Arizona has the largest Native American population of any state. More than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations, including part of the Navajo Nation, which is located in the Four Corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.

Spanish treasure seekers from Mexico arrived in the area in the 16th century, thus establishing Mexico's claim to the area. The area was ruled by Spain until Mexico won its independence in 1821. Mexico ceded the territory to the United States as part of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War of 1848. The Gadsden Purchase, an area south of the Gila River, was added in 1853. Arizona was organized as a territory in 1863 and became the 48th state in 1912.

The Gila Monster Lizard is named for the Gila River in Arizona.

Arizona is full of beautiful natural attractions like the Grand Canyon and the Petrified Forest. It is also home to the old London Bridge.

Major Rivers: Colorado River, Little Colorado River, Gila River, Bill Williams River

Famous Arizonans

Cesar Chavez, labor leader

Geronimo, Apache chief

Things to Do

Arizona State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.
Before printing under File in Page Setup set margins to zero.

Sites to See

Meteor Crater

Grand Canyon

Learn about split twig figurines.

Make Your Own "Split Twig Figurine"

Grand Canyon History

The Geology of the Grand Canyon
Information about how the Grand Canyon was formed, what type of rock it is composed of and why it looks the way it does.

Lost in the Grand Canyon-PBS
Experience the Grand Canyon with an historical timeline and maps of the region.

Grand Canyon Explorer
Information about the Grand Canyon with photographs.

The Sonoran Desert

Desert Animals
Find information about the Desert's Wildlife.

Desert Plants & Wildflowers
Find information on a plant or a wildflower.

Sonoran Desert
Learn facts about the plants and animals found in the Sonoran Desert.

The Sonoran Desert - DesertUSA
All you ever wanted to know about the Sonoran Desert

The Sonoran Desert - 5000 Square Miles of Silence

Petrified Forest National Park- Geology

Petrified Forest National Park
The 93,533 acres of Petrified Forest which contain America's largest deposits of petrified wood, a rich and colorful desert, many fossils of dinosaurs and other creatures, and more than 500 archaeological sites including amazing petroglyphs left by ancient cultures.
Petroglyphs and Ruins

Arizona and Amphibians of Arizona

Things To Do-Other Sites

Arizona State Quarter
Read about the Arizona State Quarter and printout the color page.

A fun and informative site on Arizona history, with printouts and more for 3rd and 4th-grade students and educators. Arizona Fun & Facts coloring book at GilaBen.

Arizona BLM Coloring Book
Need: Adobe Acrobat Reader
A 27 coloring and activity book in PDF format from the Arizona Bureau of Land Management. Color and learn all about Arizona public lands.

Arizona Word Search

Arizona Animals color pages

Arizona State Flag color page

Arizona State Seal color page

Kachina Doll Craft


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