Arizona - School-Age


Arizona Flag Map

48th State (February 14, 1912), southwest U.S.

State Abbreviation: AZ

Capital: Phoenix

Origin of name: Arizona comes from two Papago Indian words meaning "little spring" or "young spring"

Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)

Nickname: Grand Canyon State

Arizona State Symbols

Gemstone: Turquoise

Mammal: Ringtail

Metal: Copper

Neckwear: Bola Tie

Reptile: Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

Songs: 2 - Arizona March Song and Arizona

Tree: Palo Verde


Things to Know

United States Senators from Arizonia.

Arizona is home to many Indian cultures such as the Apache and the Navajo. Arizona has the largest Native American population of any state. More than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations, including part of the Navajo Nation, which is located in the Four Corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.

Spanish treasure seekers from Mexico arrived in the area in the 16th century, thus establishing Mexico's claim to the area. The area was ruled by Spain until Mexico won its independence in 1821. Mexico ceded the territory to the United States as part of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War of 1848. The Gadsden Purchase, an area south of the Gila River, was added in 1853. Arizona was organized as a territory in 1863 and became the 48th state in 1912.

The Gila Monster Lizard is named for the Gila River in Arizona.

Arizona is full of beautiful natural attractions like the Grand Canyon and the Petrified Forest. It is also home to the old London Bridge.

Major Rivers: Colorado River, Little Colorado River, Gila River, Bill Williams River.

Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon carved by the Colorado River is a remarkable unique landscapes. It is one of the Earth's few natural landmarks visible from space. It is one of the largest canyons in the world. The Grand Canyon is 277 river miles (446km) long, up to 18 miles (29km) wide, and a mile (1.6km) deep.

The Geology of the Grand Canyon
Information about how the Grand Canyon was formed, what type of rock it is composed of and why it looks the way it does.

Learn about split twig figurines.

Make Your Own "Split Twig Figurine"

Grand Canyon Video

Meteor Crater

Fasinating Facts - Facts about Arkansas Geography

Civil Rights - The Little Rock Nine

See Inside a Diamond
In this interactive feature, try your hand at using quarks and electrons to fashion an atom of carbon -- the stuff that diamonds are made of -- then have a close look at a diamond crystal.

Ozart Mountains
An area of low mountains in northwestern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri and northeastern Oklahoma.

the Ozarks from the Buffalo National River, Newton County, Arkansas

Sonoran Desert

The Sonoran Desert is located in two states (Arizona and California) and two countries (United States and Mexico). It covers approximately 100,000 square miles (258,000 square kilometers).

The Sonoran Desest is the hottest of the North American deserts. the Sonoran Desert is amongst the wettest deserts in North America.

Sonoran Desert - All you ever wanted to know about the Sonoran Desert

Sonoran Desert Fact Sheets - Animals and Plants

ASDM Sonoran Desert Digital Library for Kids - Facts, games, and more.

The Sonoran Desert - 5000 Square Miles of Silence

Desert Animals- Find information about desert wildlife.

Desert Plants & Wildflowers - Find information on a plants and wildflowers in deserts.

Petrified Forest

Petrified Forest National Park- Geology Petrified Forest National Park The 93,533 acres of Petrified Forest which contain America's largest deposits of petrified wood, a rich and colorful desert, many fossils of dinosaurs and other creatures, and more than 500 archaeological sites including amazing petroglyphs left by ancient cultures.
Petroglyphs and Ruins

Things to Do

Arizona State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.

Arizona BLM Coloring Book
A 27 coloring and activity book in PDF format from the Arizona Bureau of Land Management. Color and learn all about Arizona public lands.

Sites to See

A fun and informative site on Arizona history, with printouts and more for 3rd and 4th-grade students and educators. Inclues a Arizona Fun & Facts coloring book.

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