Arizona - School-Age
48th State (February 14, 1912), southwest U.S.
State Abbreviation: AZ
Origin of name: Arizona comes from two Papago Indian words meaning "little spring" or "young spring"
Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Nickname: Grand Canyon State
Things to Know
United States Senators from Arizonia.
Arizona is home to many Indian cultures such as the Apache and the Navajo. Arizona has the largest Native American population of any state. More than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations, including part of the Navajo Nation, which is located in the Four Corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.
Spanish treasure seekers from Mexico arrived in the area in the 16th century, thus establishing Mexico's claim to the area. The area was ruled by Spain until Mexico won its independence in 1821. Mexico ceded the territory to the United States as part of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War of 1848. The Gadsden Purchase, an area south of the Gila River, was added in 1853. Arizona was organized as a territory in 1863 and became the 48th state in 1912.
The Grand Canyon carved by the Colorado River is a remarkable unique landscapes. It is one of the Earth's few natural landmarks visible from space. It is one of the largest canyons in the world. The Grand Canyon is 277 river miles (446km) long, up to 18 miles (29km) wide, and a mile (1.6km) deep.
Grand Canyon Video
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See Inside a Diamond
In this interactive feature, try your hand at using quarks and electrons to fashion an atom of carbon -- the stuff that diamonds are made of -- then have a close look at a diamond crystal.
An area of low mountains in northwestern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri and northeastern Oklahoma.
the Ozarks from the Buffalo National River, Newton County, Arkansas
The Sonoran Desert is located in two states (Arizona and California) and two countries (United States and Mexico). It covers approximately 100,000 square miles (258,000 square kilometers).
The Sonoran Desest is the hottest of the North American deserts. the Sonoran Desert is amongst the wettest deserts in North America.
Sonoran Desert - All you ever wanted to know about the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert Fact Sheets - Animals and Plants
The Sonoran Desert - 5000 Square Miles of Silence
Petrified Forest National Park- Geology
Petrified Forest National Park The 93,533 acres of Petrified Forest which contain America's largest deposits of petrified wood, a rich and colorful desert, many fossils of dinosaurs and other creatures, and more than 500 archaeological sites including amazing petroglyphs left by ancient cultures.
Petroglyphs and Ruins