California - School-Age


California Flag Map

31st State (September 9, 1850), the west coast U.S.

State Abbreviation: CA

Capital: Sacramento

Origin of name: Named by the Spanish after Califia, for the mythical earthly paradise in a book called Las Sergas de Esplanidian, written by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo in 1510.

Motto: Eureka (I Have Found It)

Nickname: The Golden State

California State Symbols

Folk Dance: Square Dance

Fossil:: Sabre-tooth Cat

Gemstone: Benitoite

Insect: California Dog-face Butterfly

Marine Fish: Garibaldi

Marine Mammal: Gray Whale

Reptile: Desert Tortoise

Rock: Serpentine

Small Mammal: Armadillo

Song: I Love You, California

Tree: California Redwood


Things to Know

United States Senators from California.

Death Valley
A desert located in the southwestern United States. It is situated within the Mojave Desert and features the lowest, driest, and hottest locations in North America. Badwater, a basin located within Death Valley has thelowest elevation in North America at 282 ft (85.5 m ) below sea level.

Mt. Whitney
The highest point in the continental United States (which doesn't include Alaska and Hawaii) is also in California - Mt. Whitney, which is 14,496 feet (4418.38 m) above sea level.

Major Rivers: Colorado River, Sacramento River, San Joaquin River,

Mount Whitney
Mount Whitney

Famous Californians

Richard M. Nixon, 37th President of the U.S.
Printable fact sheet on President Richard M. Nixon provides you with photos and personal information.

Sally K. Ride, astronaut and first American woman in space.

Ansel Adams (1902-1984), photographer


Gold Rush

They Saw The Elephant
Learn what the phase "they saw the elephant" meant to the miners.

The California Gold Rush a short history.


The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake And Fire
Historical information about the 1906 San Francisco earthquake from the Museum of the City of San Francisco.

The 1906 Earthquake and Fire - The National Archives

San Francisco earthquake, 100 years later, a geoloic tour - American Geological Institute

Native Americans of California

The Kumeyaay(Diegueño) of San Diego County & Baja

Muwekma Indian
Original inhabitants of San Francisco and the surrounding Bay Area.

Miwok Indians
Yosemite Miwok Indians

Chumash Tribe
Lived around California's Central Coast

Chumash Rock Paintings

Stories to Read

Things to Do

California State Quarter
Read about the California State Quarter and print out the color page.

Color Pages

California Indian Basket Coloring Page

A California Alphabet & Coloring Book
From the USDA Farm Service Agency (pdf file)

Sites to See

California Shipwrecks
Online database of California shipwrecks. Articles and stories about more than a dozen California shipwrecks. Video and audio clips relating to California maritime history.

California Mountain Lions

The Kids Times-Gray Whales
Information about gray whales. (pdf)

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