Pennsylvania - School-Age

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Flag Map

2nd State (December 12, 1787), the northeast U.S.

State Abbreviation: PA

Capital: Harrisburg

Origin of name: It means Penn's Woodland. Named in honor of Admiral Sir. William Penn, father of William Penn.

Motto: Virtue, Liberty, Independence

Nickname: Keystone State (During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies. There are six states above it and six states below it.)

Pennsylvania State Symbols

Pennsylvania: State Seal

Animal: White-tailed Deer

Beautification and Conservation Plant: Penngift Crownvetch

Beverage: Milk

Dog: Great Dane

Electric Locomotive: GG1 4859

Fish: Brook Trout

Wyoming State Symbols

Flagship of Pennsylvania: Jade

Flower: Mountain Laurel

Mammal: Bison

Fossil: Phacops rana

Game Bird: Ruffed Grouse

Insect: Firefly

Steam Locomotive: K4s 1361 and K4s 3750

Song: Pennsylvania

Tree: Hemlock

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Things to Know

Four major Indian groups occupied Pennsylvania at the time of European arrival: the Delaware , the Susquehanna, the Shawnee, and various segments of the Iroquois Confederacy. Swedes (1643), Dutch (1647), and others were the first European settlers. The English seized control of the region in 1664, and in 1681 King Charles II of England signed a charter giving the region to William Penn. Under Penn's guidance a Quaker colony was established in 1682, based on government by popular will and religious tolerance.

Philadelphia was the seat of the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800; there the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution drawn up in 1787.

Crayola Crayons are made in Easton, PA.

The Amish , the Mennonites, the Brethren, and the other "Plain People" of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country.

Common Trees of Pennsylvania
This site offers information on every type of tree found in Pennsylvania.

Major Rivers: Allegheny River, Susquehanna River, Delaware River, Ohio River.

Famous Pennsylvanians

William Penn (1644-1718), Founder of Pennsylvania

John Harris (1673-1748), owner Harris ferry, renamed Harrisburg, Pennsylvania’s capital city.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and an inventor.

Joseph Priestley (1733-1804). He was called the "Father of Modern Chemistry."

Betsy Ross (1752-1836). She was reported to have made the first American Flag.

James Buchanan (1791-1868), the 15th president of the United States.
Printable fact sheet on President James Buchanan provides you with photos and personal information.

Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888), novelist. Author, she wrote Little Women.

Milton S. Hershey (1857-1945), Businessman, he founded the Hershey Chocolate Company and the town Hershey, Pennsylvania

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), Architect.

Carl E. Stotz (1910–1992), founder of Little League Baseball.

Things to Do

Pennsylvania State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.

Pennsylvania State Quarter
Read about the Pennsylvania State Quarter and print out the color page.

The Liberty Bell is a symbol of American independence, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Make a box book with facts about the Liberty Bell. Liberty Bell color page.

The State Symbol Challenge
Take the quiz on the State Symbols of Pennsylvania

The first zoo in the United Stats was the Philadelphia Zoo which opened to the public in 1874. Classromm read/write/think activity.

Sites to See

The Pennsylvania Canal
Learn about Pennsylvania's Canal Era, 1792-1931

Liberty Bell
Learn the history of The Liberty Bell.

The Electric Franklin
A detailed guide to Benjamin Franklin and his life.

The Underground Railroad
The history of the Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania.

Gettysburg National Military Park
Information where the famous Civil War battle took place.

Punxsutawney Groundhog Club
The famous weather-forecasting groundhog.

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